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WastewaterSCAN Dashboard

Timely detection of viruses like SARS-CoV-2 and monkeypox through partnerships with communities.

This dashboard reports results from the methods developed by SCAN. Learn more

Update: Detecting monkeypox DNA in US wastewater systems

Toggle between results for SARS-CoV-2 and monkeypox monitoring using the chart's tabs or click the Monkeypox Heatmap button to see additional information and data visualizations for monkeypox detection in wastewater.


About the data

How do I interpret this data?

Rather than looking at one data point, we recommend monitoring trends over time. Our analysis suggests that the concentrations of the SARS-CoV-2 genes are highly correlated to COVID-19 incidence rates in the sewersheds [read the research].

How should I read these results?

Results may be filtered by location to view SARS-CoV-2 RNA occurrence in wastewater. Each location includes the SARS-CoV-2 copies per gram of dry solid waste and the copies per gram of the Omicron variant.

The data in the chart and graph have been smoothed, where measurements from nearby dates have been combined to reduce day-to-day variability and increase accuracy. Specifically, we take the 5 samples centered around a date and report the average after excluding the highest and lowest values. This processing minimizes the influence of outlier measurements and makes it easier to visualize trends in the data.

If the target is not detected in the sample, the concentration is reported as 0 c/g. There may still be very low amounts of the target present that are below the detection limits of our procedure. When a sample was not tested for a target, the concentration for that target is reported as “-”.

Please see the data dictionary for more information about each column shown in the table view.

What does “copies per gram” mean?

Results reported as copies of SARS-CoV-2 per gram (dry weight) of wastewater solids tells you how many copies of the SARS-CoV-2 virus were found in a gram of solid waste from a location. This data point can be used as an indicator of how many people in a sewershed (the geographical area served by a particular treatment plant) have COVID-19. Over time you will see this value rise and fall, indicative of more or less COVID-19 clinical cases in the population served by wastewater treatment plants.

What is PMMoV normalization?

In addition to the pathogens it tests for, WastewaterSCAN measures an extremely common, harmless plant virus that is consumed when people eat. It is called pepper mild mottle virus (or PMMoV). By measuring the concentration of PMMoV genetic markers per dry weight gram of wastewater solids, WastewaterSCAN can account for how much viral material is recovered from each sample and changes to the “fecal strength” of that sample. For example, heavy rain that drains into a wastewater system can dilute the strength of a particular day’s sample. WastewaterSCAN’s approach allows for comparison of results from day to day.

Our analysis suggests that both the concentrations of the SARS-CoV-2 genes measured as copies per gram of solid waste and those concentrations normalized by PMMoV are proportional to laboratory confirmed COVID-19 incidence rates in the sewersheds. Further, the relationship between these wastewater measures and COVID-19 incidence rates is consistent between the sewersheds in this study. That means a higher wastewater value at one plant compared to another suggests COVID-19 incidence rates are higher in that plants sewershed compared to the others.

Reference

MK Wolfe et al. Sept 2021 mSystems. High-Frequency, High-Throughput Quantification of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in Wastewater Settled Solids at Eight Publicly Owned Treatment Works in Northern California Shows Strong Association with COVID-19 Incidence.


About SCAN

Sewage as Sentinel

WastewaterSCAN is the national expansion of the Sewer Coronavirus Alert Network (or SCAN) and draws on research by scientists from Stanford University, Emory University, and the University of Michigan in partnership with communities in northern California. Beginning in 2020, SCAN developed analytical methods and public reporting to provide public health officials with a community-wide view of COVID-19. Working closely with practitioners in sewage treatment and public health, SCAN developed a way to monitor levels of the virus that causes COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) in wastewater that is simpler than large-scale diagnostic testing, gives an accurate population-level view, and delivers results more quickly.

SCAN added to that monitoring over time, testing for COVID variants, influenza, RSV, and monkeypox.

To find more information about SCAN, please visit wastewaterscan.org.

To see how SCAN reports its data, visit wbe.stanford.edu.


Equip your community with a new tool to advance public health

Participation in WastewaterSCAN will last for at least one year. WastewaterSCAN provides testing, sampling supplies and shipping free of charge to treatment plants.

Sewage treatment plants will get kits to sample wastewater solids three times a week and ship them for lab analysis at no cost. Verily will report results through this dashboard within 48 hours of receiving samples.

Learn more about the sampling kit and process here.

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All results are understood to be based on inputs that are experimental in nature, and are not intended to diagnose or treat any disease. The results are provided “as is” and without warranty of any kind, notwithstanding any specifications provided by Verily or requests made by any party, including, without limitation, any performance characteristics of the samples or compliance by their use with any laws or regulations. Verily specifically disclaims all express and implied warranties of title, noninfringement, merchantability and fitness for any particular purpose. Verily is not liable for any claim arising out of or in connection with the disclosure of these results.